General

Meaning of Tawakkul

 

Contributed by Safir Dahir Adam

Meaning of Tawakkul
Self reliance in Islam:- Tawakkul (Arabic: تَوَكُّل‎‎) is an Arabic word which literally means reliance-on or trust-in and it is one of the most important topics in Islamic ethic, because it related to the essential part of monotheism. Therefore, he who does not believe in the existence and absolute power of Allah will find it so difficult to trust or rely on him. In fact, the real meaning of tawakkul lies in the word “La-ilaaha -illallah, wa laa- hawla wa laa quwwata illa billaahil ‘Alliyil Adheem”, or the word “Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa billah”. Thus the aboved words should only be expressed by the person who realized and believed that; he is not an independent entity and he is in need of independent entity and absolute power in all of his affairs.
◾Tawakkul in the Arabic language, is the word for the Islamic concept of reliance on God or “trusting in God’s plan”.[3]
◾It is also refers to as “perfect trust in God and reliance on Him alone.”[4]
◾Tawakkul as a theological concept was formalized by Shaqiq al-Balkhi (d. 810), who defined it as a spiritual state or hal. Tawakkul is also considered a natural result of extreme zuhd.[5] Zuhd can be described as being based on tawakkul or “trust in God alongside love of poverty.”[6]
◾A scholar wrote that someone that trusts in God is like a baby seeking its mother’s breast and always finds it. He says that just like the infant, the one who trusts God is always led to God.[7]

Ranks of tawakkul
◾It has been said that there are three ranks of tawakkul: the trust of the believers, the trust of the select, and the trust of the select of the select.[8]
◾Each of these ranks are achieved through active reformation of the mind and self.[9]
◾The truth of the believers is simply living one day at a time and not worrying what tomorrow will bring you; simply trusting in what God has planned.[8]
◾The trust of the select is trusting God with no motives or desires. It is casting aside all wants.[8] *And finally the trust of the select of the select is giving yourself over to God completely so that His desires become yours.[8]
◾In other words, “trust in God is to be satisfied with and rely on God Most High.”[7] It is said that because God created everything and therefore everything belongs to him, it is selfish to want anything other than what God wants or not want something God gives to you.[10]

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